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Lingayat Vs Vokkaliga Caste War in Karnataka

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Yeddyurappa Denies CM Post to HD Kumaraswamy. Is it Vokkaliga Versus Lingayat Again in Karnataka?

In all, Vokkaliga chief ministers ruled the state for just 92 months or less than eight years since 1956. Whereas, the Lingayat chief ministers have ruled the state for over 27 years during the same period.

Bengaluru: In its eagerness to install BS Yeddyurappa-led BJP government in Karnataka, the party high command may have shot itself in the leg. 


The state is back to old Lingayats versus Vokkaligas fight. The Vokkaligas, backbone of the Gowdas vote bank who have mended their relationship with the BJP in the last five years, have now turned against the saffron party for denying the CM post to a fellow Vokkaliga leader H D Kumaraswamy. 
 
After Karnataka was reorganised on November 1, 1956 the Lingayats dominated the state politics and only they held the post of CM between 1956 and 1972. H D Deve Gowda became the first Vokkaliga chief minister of the state in 1994. He demitted the office to go to New Delhi and S M Krishna became the second Vokkaliga CM in 1999. In 2006, Gowda’s son H D Kumaraswamy became the chief minister for 20 months. 
 
 

In all, Vokkaliga chief ministers ruled the state for just 92 months or less than eight years since 1956. Whereas, the Lingayat chief ministers have ruled the state for over 27 years during the same period. 


Vokkaligas, a 100% farming community, are concentrated only in the old Mysore districts and they constitute about 11-12% of the total population of Karnataka. The Lingayats are heavily concentrated in north Karnataka, though they are substantial in numbers in southern Karnataka too. Their population is about 15%.

Their rivalry goes back even to pre-independence days. After the Independence the most Vokkaliga leaders had opposed the merger of all Kannada speaking areas with the old Mysore state fearing Lingayat domination in politics. 

But the then chief minister of old Mysore state and a tall Vokkaliga leader Kengal Hanumanthaiah had overruled their objections and had fully backed the unification. Ironically, he was removed from the CM post and a tall Lingayat leader S Nijalingappa became the first CM of united Karnataka in 1956. After that they had to wait for 38 years to see a Vokkaliga CM in Deve Gowda. 

The Gowda clan is both admired and feared in eight districts of old Mysore region and has stopped the BJP from establishing itself as a serious political party there. The fight is between only the Congress and the JDS. The BJP has been a marginal force having a good presence only in Bengaluru. 

To counter the Gowda’s, the BJP has also promoted some Vokkaliga leaders. But none was a match to the stature the Gowdas enjoy across old Mysore. The BJP also tried to cozy up to Vokkaligas through UP CM Yogi Adityanath, who is the head of Nath sect. The Vokkaliga mutt is also a Nath sect Mutt, though most Vokkaligas follow Vaishnavism and not Shaivism. 

The former CM Siddaramaiah’s perceived anti-Vokkaliga stance did him in and the caste went for a strategic voting transferring its votes to BJP helping them in winning nine Assembly seats from Vokkaliga belt in this election. These MLAs are now worried about their future prospects fully knowing that hurt sentiments of the Gowdas will surely work against them. The BSP supremo Mayawati has already held the Congress responsible for pushing the Vokkaligas towards the BJP in some seats. “The Congress should not have called the JDS “B” team of the BJP”, Mayawati had said. 

In 2008, the same Yeddyurappa cried foul after Kumaraswamy denied him the CM post terming it as an insult to entire Lingayat community. That “betrayal” paid him rich dividends and he won the 2008 Assembly polls to become the CM. 

Ten years later, Kumaraswamy is crying foul holding Yeddyurappa responsible for denying him the CM’s chair. Will it backfire? We will have to wait till 2019 Lok Sabha elections. 

Because the history repeats in different forms.

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I thought Vokkaligas (Gowdas) ruled Karnataka for max. no of years.

Seems they just ruled only 7.8 Years compared to 27 years of Ligayats.

Kumara swamy though corrupt deserves one more chance for full term as CM for sure.

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Wrong news ..before deve gowda ,Kengal hanumantaiah and Kc reddy and madida Manjappa were the cm’s from vokkaliga community 

 

7 Indian Hindu Vokkaliga Gowda Chief Ministers of Karnataka

K.C. Reddy: Kengal Hanumanthaiah; Kadidal Manjappa; H.D. Devegowda; S.M. Krishna; H.D. Kumaraswamy; D.V. Sadananda Gowda

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No[a] Name Term[2]
(tenure length)
Assembly[3]
(election)
Party
Chief Minister of Mysore[c] 1 K. Chengalaraya Reddy 25 October 1947 – 30 March 1952
(4 years, 157 days) Not established yet Indian National Congress   2 K. Hanumanthaiah 30 March 1952 – 19 August 1956
(4 years, 142 days) First Assembly (1952–57)
(1951/52 election)
continued...
3 Kadidal Manjappa 19 August 1956 – 31 October 1956
(73 days) Chief Minister of Mysore (following the state's reorganisation)[d] 4 S. Nijalingappa
MLA for Molakalmuru 1 November 1956 – 16 May 1958
(1 year, 197 days) ...continued
First Assembly (1952–57)
(1951/52 election) Indian National Congress   Second Assembly (1957–62)
(1957 election) 5 B. D. Jatti
MLA for Jamkhandi 16 May 1958 – 9 March 1962
(3 years, 297 days) 6 S. R. Kanthi
MLA for Hungund 14 March 1962 – 20 June 1962
(98 days) Third Assembly (1962–67)
(1962 election) (4) S. Nijalingappa
MLA for Shiggaon 21 June 1962 – 28 May 1968
(5 years, 342 days) Fourth Assembly (1967–71)
(1967 election) 7 Veerendra Patil 29 May 1968 – 18 March 1971
(2 years, 293 days) Indian National Congress (O)   Vacant[e]
(President's rule) 19 March 1971 – 20 March 1972
(1 year, 1 day) Dissolved N/A   Chief Minister of Karnataka[f] 8 D. Devaraj Urs
MLA for Hunsur 20 March 1972 – 31 December 1977
(5 years, 286 days) Fifth Assembly (1972–77)
(1972 election) Indian National Congress   Vacant[e]
(President's rule) 31 December 1977 – 28 February 1978
(59 days) Dissolved N/A   (8) D. Devaraj Urs
MLA for Hunsur 28 February 1978 – 7 January 1980
(1 year, 313 days) Sixth Assembly (1978–83)
(1978 election) Indian National Congress   9 R. Gundu Rao
MLA for Somwarpet 12 January 1980 – 6 January 1983
(2 years, 359 days) 10 Ramakrishna Hegde
MLA for Basavanagudi 10 January 1983 – 29 December 1984[g]
(1 year, 354 days) Seventh Assembly (1983–85)
(1983 election) Janata Party   8 March 1985 – 13 February 1986[h]
(342 days) Eighth Assembly (1985–89)
(1985 election) 16 February 1986 – 10 August 1988
(2 years, 176 days) 11 S. R. Bommai
MLA for Hubli Rural 13 August 1988 – 21 April 1989
(281 days) Vacant[e]
(President's rule) 21 April 1989 – 30 November 1989
(193 days) Dissolved N/A   (7) Veerendra Patil
MLA for Chincholi 30 November 1989 – 10 October 1990
(314 days) Ninth Assembly (1989–94)
(1989 election) Indian National Congress   Vacant[e]
(President's rule) 10 October 1990 – 17 October 1990
(7 days) N/A   12 S. Bangarappa
MLA for Sorab 17 October 1990 – 19 November 1992
(2 years, 33 days) Indian National Congress   13 M. Veerappa Moily
MLA for Karkala 19 November 1992 – 11 December 1994
(2 years, 22 days) 14 H. D. Deve Gowda
MLA for Ramanagara 11 December 1994 – 31 May 1996
(1 year, 172 days) Tenth Assembly (1994–99)
(1994 election) Janata Dal   15 J. H. Patel
MLA for Channagiri 31 May 1996 – 7 October 1999
(3 years, 129 days) 16 S. M. Krishna
MLA for Maddur 11 October 1999 – 28 May 2004
(4 years, 230 days) Eleventh Assembly (1999–2004)
(1999 election) Indian National Congress   17 Dharam Singh
MLA for Jewargi 28 May 2004 – 28 January 2006
(1 year, 245 days) Twelfth Assembly (2004–07)
(2004 election) 18 H. D. Kumaraswamy
MLA for Ramanagara 3 February 2006 – 8 October 2007
(1 year, 253 days) Janata Dal (Secular)   Vacant[e]
(President's rule) 9 October 2007 – 11 November 2007
(33 days) N/A   19 B. S. Yeddyurappa
MLA for Shikaripura 12 November 2007 – 19 November 2007
(7 days) Bharatiya Janata Party   Vacant[e]
(President's rule) 20 November 2007 – 27 May 2008
(189 days) Dissolved N/A   (19) B. S. Yeddyurappa
MLA for Shikaripura 30 May 2008 – 31 July 2011
(3 years, 62 days) Thirteenth Assembly (2008–13)
(2008 election) Bharatiya Janata Party   20 D. V. Sadananda Gowda 4 August 2011 – 12 July 2012
(343 days) 21 Jagadish Shettar
MLA for Hubli-Dharwad-Central 12 July 2012 – 12 May 2013
(304 days) 22 Siddaramaiah
MLA for Varuna 13 May 2013 – 17 May 2018
(5 years, 4 days) Fourteenth Assembly (2013–18)
(2013 election) Indian National Congress   (19) B. S. Yeddyurappa
MLA for Shikaripura 17 May 2018 – present
(0 days) Fifteenth Assembly (2018 - present)
(2018 election) Bharatiya Janata Party

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17 minutes ago, Srikanth_NTR said:

Wrong news ..before deve gowda ,Kengal hanumantaiah and Kc reddy and madida Manjappa were the cm’s from vokkaliga community 

 

7 Indian Hindu Vokkaliga Gowda Chief Ministers of Karnataka

K.C. Reddy: Kengal Hanumanthaiah; Kadidal Manjappa; H.D. Devegowda; S.M. Krishna; H.D. Kumaraswamy; D.V. Sadananda Gowda

Not before 1956, after state formation only counted. What's written in article is correct as per above data.

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2 minutes ago, Nandamuri Rulz said:

Kumar Uncle.. baaga serious ga teesukunnav ga KA ni

Nuvvu asala ye voter kadu ga nasty lulz

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Just now, Nandamuri Rulz said:

AP vote poddi annaru MVS ikkada register ayithe,,, so register avvaledu KA lo.. AP lone naaku kaavalani

Malli idi okati unda.. Mari  naku tg lo vote undi , ka lo kuda vote kanapadutundi :thinking:

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Problem is vokkaliga lo devegowda n co are not good, they are just enjoying their comfort.zone power n money. Veellu Least cared abt expanding their base or to stand for vokkaliga or state

Edited by Naren_EGDT

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18 minutes ago, Nandamuri Rulz said:

TG people born for world marriage na... anything possible with TG people :close:

:buttkick:

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